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…in the creation of the (NAACP) in 1909 and edited

Today, the NAACP continues to be America’s largest and most influential civil rights organisation. Over a century on since its inception, it has survived the changing landscape of its long and ongoing struggle – including the far more radical Black Power ideology of the 1960s. Through endless legal challenges, political protests and lobbying, the NAACP succeeded – county by county – in dismantling the Jim Crow segregation statutes, and its labours were largely responsible for landmark changes in leg

NAACP. Platform of the National Negro Committee, 1909. Printed document. NAACP Records, , Library of Congress (024.00.00) Courtesy of the NAACP Digital ID # na0024

Despite the NAACP’s opposition to King’s 1967 public statement against the , Wilkins and King continued to work closely on civil rights issues. Both pressed for immediate action to address the needs of urban blacks and blamed the summer race riots of 1967 on a lack of jobs. SCLC and the NAACP were both accused of being too moderate during the late 1960s and early 1970s. The NAACP steadily lost membership during this more radical period, and the political climate under Presidents and Gerald Ford

As a member of the Princeton chapter of the NAACP, Einstein corresponded with Du Bois, and in 1946 Einstein called racism “America’s worst disease”. Du Bois continued to play a pivotal role in the organization and served as editor of the association’s magazine, , which had a circulation of more than 30,000.

In its early years, the NAACP concentrated on using the courts to overturn the Jim Crow statutes that legalized racial discrimination. In 1913, the NAACP organized opposition to President Woodrow Wilson’s introduction of racial segregation into federal government policy. By 1914, the group had 6,000 members and 50 branches, and was influential in winning the right of African-Americans to serve as officers in World War I. Six hundred African-American officers were commissioned and 700,000 registered fo

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