O CANADA! - National Anthem of CANADA, arr. Andrey Shilov
"O Canada" (French: O Canada) is the national anthem of Canada. The song was originally commissioned by Lieutenant Governor of Quebec Theodore Robitaille for the 1880 Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day ceremony Calixa Lavallée composed the music, after which, words were written by the poet and judge Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier. The original lyrics were in French an English translation was published in 1906. Multiple English versions ensued, with Robert Stanley Weir&aposs version in 1908 gaining the most popularity, eventually serving as the basis for the official lyrics enacted by Parliament. Weir&aposs lyrics have been revised three times, most recently when An Act to amend the National Anthem Act (gender) was enacted in 2018. The original French lyrics and the music, however, have remained unchanged since 1880. "O Canada" had served as a de facto national anthem since 1939, officially becoming the country&aposs national anthem in 1980 when Canada&aposs National Anthem Act received royal assent and became effective on July 1 as part of that year&aposs Dominion Day (today&aposs Canada Day) celebrations. Calixa Lavallée (December 28, 1842 – January 21, 1891) was a French-Canadian-American musician and Union Army band musician during the American Civil War. He is best known for composing the music for "O Canada," which officially became the national anthem of Canada in 1980, after a vote in the Senate and the House of Commons. The same 1980 Act of Parliament also changed some of the English lyrics. A slight alteration to the English lyrics was made again in 2018.