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This distinction supports the aims of disparate impact.

Direct discrimination occurs when an employer treats someone less favourably on the ground of a protected characteristic. It is unlawful under section 13 of the Equality Act 2010. A protected characteristic (age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, race, religion or belief, sex, and sexual orientation) must be the reason for the different treatment, so that it is because of that characteristic that the less favourable treatment occurs. Generally, the law protects everyone, not j

Second, the case could have profound ramifications for discrimination law. Normally, disparate impact claims challenge neutral policies that have a disproportionate effects. And there are why that doctrine is flawed. But under the Ninth Circuit ruling plaintiffs could challenge neutral policies that do not even have disproportionate effects. Instead plaintiffs will be scouring legislative records, finding testimony from some random city inhabitant, and impugning neutral laws under the theory that it was &amp#

But there is another case that PLF filed a brief in this week concerning the intersection of disparate impact and disparate treatment under the Fair Housing Act. In , the plaintiffs are trying to bring a disparate treatment (intentional discrimination) claim, without having to show that any individual or entity was treated differently under the law. The plaintiffs argue that they can succeed on their disparate treatment claim merely by demonstrating that the law was motivated by a discriminatory purpose &amp#8

Judges are also more likely to sentence people of color than whites to prison and jail and to impose longer sentences, even after accounting for differences in crime severity, criminal history, and educational level. The race penalty is harshest for certain categories of people and offenses: it particularly affects men and the young, and is more pronounced for less serious offenses.Newsworthiness is not a product of how representative or novel a crime is, but rather how well it can be “scripted using ster

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