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Catatonic symptoms are quite noticeable. Important diagnostic distinctions, however,

Symptoms of schizophrenia usually start between ages and 30. In rare cases, children have schizophrenia too.

Other conditions in which affective symptoms are superimposed upon or form part of a preexisting schizophrenic illness, or in which they coexist or alternate with other types of persistent delusional disorders, are classified under the appropriate category. Mood-incongruent delusions or hallucinations in affective disorders do not by themselves justify a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder.

APA. American Psychiatric Association. . São Paulo: Manole. [1987] 1989. [ ] If in 1996, Pereira (p.52) stated that a pragmatic system of classification is not a deep psychopathological discourse, and that the DSM could not claim to be or to found a psychopathology, we must ask ourselves why the field of psychiatric and mental health consented so widely to abandon the entire tradition of debates in favor of a system based on statistics, cognitive adjustment, and the exclusion of subjectivity.

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