was a name given to laws passed by southern governments established during presidency of Andrew Johnson. These laws imposed severe restrictions on freedmen, such as prohibiting their right to vote, forbidding them to sit on juries, and limiting their right to testify against white men. They were also forbidden from carrying weapons in public places and working in certain occupations.
Waldo E. Martin Jr. and Patricia Sullivan, eds., (2000).
The U.S. National Archives and Administration