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Cizre Sakallıoğlu, Ümit (1998) ‘Kurdish Nationalism from an

Finally, the Turkish people’s trust in the military does not equal approval of its political role. When asked whether “sometimes a military regime would be better than a civilian government to solve country’s problems,” 23 percent of the respondents in Turkey said “yes,” while 64 percent replied “no.” As subsequently explained, it can be argued that even those who support military interventions have ideological, rather than cultural, reasons to do so. Moreover, in elections, a majority of Tu

Nevertheless, even Washington&aposs influence has fallen somewhat in Ankara, mainly because of a steady decrease in levels of U.S. security and economic assistance, which was ended completely in this fiscal year. Although the economic and political costs of assistance for Turkey had grown in recent years -- security assistance was offered only as market-rate loans and congressmen often tried to attach political conditions to economic assistance -- many Turkish foreign and security policymakers are concerned tha

As Ayşe Gül Altınay rightly stresses, the depiction of Turks as a military-nation is an institutionally constructed myth. Until it was cancelled in January 2012, military officers taught the obligatory “National Security” course in all Turkish secondary schools for over three decades. Turkey has also had conscription for all male citizens, which in general creates “close identification between citizen and soldier, people and army.” Moreover, the Turkish military’s lack of accountability elabora

According to the state-centric approach, there was a strong state and a weak society in Turkey. Therefore, generals, who represented the state, were more powerful than politicians, who represented society. Metin Heper is the most prominent scholar who has promoted this perspective. For him, the non-elected “state elite,” especially military officers, have their “sole emphasis on the long-term interests of the community,” while the “political elite,” with some exceptions, prioritize “party inte

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